A familial case of Duncan's dirty dermatosis. Case report

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Abstract

Terra firma-forme dermatosis (TFFD) belongs to the group of dirty-like dermatoses. The disease was described in 1987, but the etiology and pathogenesis are still insufficiently understood. The true incidence and prevalence of TFFD isn`t clear, there are few publications devoted to this disease. TFFD is clinically manifested by rashes that visually resemble dirt, which can persist for a long time despite the patient's compliance with hygiene standards. There are separate reports on the connection of TFFD with other skin diseases, as well as somatic pathology and malignant neoplasms. The article provides a review of the literature demonstrate two clinical cases of TFFD in children from the same family, draws attention to the development of TFFD after suffering a new coronavirus infection. The article is of interest to dermatovenerologists, family doctors and pediatricians.

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About the authors

Marina A. Ufimceva

Ural State Medical University

Email: annaklepikova@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4335-9334

D. Sci. (Med.), Prof., Ural State Medical University

Russian Federation, Yekaterinburg

Jurii M. Bochkarev

Ural State Medical University

Email: annaklepikova@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6298-7216

Cand. Sci. (Med.), Ural State Medical University

Russian Federation, Yekaterinburg

Maria S. Efimova

Ural State Medical University

Email: annaklepikova@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3295-6686

Lecturer, Ural State Medical University

Russian Federation, Yekaterinburg

Kristina I. Nikolaeva

Ural State Medical University

Email: annaklepikova@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5879-2018

Cand. Sci. (Med.), Ural State Medical University

Russian Federation, Yekaterinburg

Diana F. Galiullina

Ural State Medical University

Email: annaklepikova@mail.ru

Clinical Resident, Ural State Medical University

Russian Federation, Yekaterinburg

Anna A. Ivanova

Ural State Medical University

Author for correspondence.
Email: annaklepikova@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8555-7462

Clinical Resident, Ural State Medical University

Russian Federation, Yekaterinburg

References

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  2. Greywal T, Philip R. Terra Firma-forme dermatosis: A report of ten individuals with Duncan’s dermatosis and literature review. Dermatol Pract Concept. 2015;5(3):29-33.
  3. Dunkan WC, Tshen JA, Knox JM. Terra firma-forme dermatosis. Arch Dermatol. 1987;123:567-9.
  4. Erkek E, Sahin S, Dikicioglu E, Sezer E. Terra firma-forme dermatosis. Indian J Dermatol. 201278(3):358-60.
  5. Nurşad ÇA, Güler Ş, Demirci K, Isiyel E. Features of Terra Firma-Forme Dermatosis. Ann Family Med. 2018;16(1):52-4.
  6. Costin A, Furtado C. Terra Firma-Forme Dermatosis. ACTA MED PORT. 2020;33(5):350.
  7. Ozturk Durmaz E. Chalk-white fluorescence under Wood light in a case of terra firma-forme dermatosis. Exp Clin Dermatol. 2021;46(1):165-6.
  8. Badaró BA, Diniz LM, Emerich PS. Terra firma-forme dermatosis: an underdiagnosed condition. Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia. 2020;95(3):397-9.
  9. Бассе Ф.Б., Гребенюк В.Н., Заторская Н.Ф., Пилявская С.О. Рецессивный Х-сцепленный ихтиоз. Клиническая дерматология и венерология. 2019;18(1):27-30 [Basse FB, Grebenyuk VN, Zatorskaya NF, Pilyavskaya SO. Recessive X-linked ichthyosis. Russian Journal of Clinical Dermatology and Venereology. 2019;18(1):27-30 (in Russian)].
  10. Abdalla JE, Cruse A, Patel N, Brodell R. Terra Firma-Forme Dermatosis, Keratotic Form. SKIN The Journal of Cutaneous Medicine. 2019;3(3):212-4.

Supplementary files

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1. Fig. 1. Mud-like rashes on the skin of the neck and trunk, patient D.

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2. Fig. 2. Mud-like rashes on the skin of the temporal regions, patient M.

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