Hypersensitivity reactions of insect genesis in children


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Abstract

Insects make up 1/2 of the living organisms on the planet. Insect bites are a common phenomenon that usually does not require seeking specialized treatment. It is almost impossible to establish a reliable frequency of allergic reactions to insect bites. Most often, a specialist is consulted about severe skin manifestations in children due to bites of mosquitoes, bees, bugs, lice and fleas. The peak of calls occurs in the summer period, so, according to some reports, insect bites are the cause of calls for help in 44% of cases. Skin manifestations of allergies are often caused not by the bite itself, but by various enzymes in the saliva of the insect. Insect bites can occur in the form of hives or delayed reactions with papules, ulcers or blisters that persist for several weeks. The main problem with insect bites is intense itching, which can cause the attachment of a bacterial infection. In view of this, the treatment of insect allergies is primarily aimed at stopping itching. In children in different age groups, regardless of the localization of bites, a gel containing dimetindene maleate can be used, which is highly effective in allergic dermatoses.

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About the authors

Dzerassa R. Mil'dzikhova

Center for Theoretical Problems of Physical and Chemical Pharmacology

Moscow, Russia

Zofia A. Niewozinskaya

Moscow Scientific and Practical Center of Dermatovenerology and Cosmetology

Moscow, Russia

Irina M. Korsunskaya

Center for Theoretical Problems of Physical and Chemical Pharmacology

Email: marykor@bk.ru
Moscow, Russia

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