Current trends in the prevalence of asthma-like symptoms in elementary school children

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Abstract

Aim. To study the prevalence of bronchial asthma (BA) symptoms among elementary schoolchildren in the Udmurt Republic in the dynamics over 20 years.

Materials and methods. A comparative study of the prevalence of BA was carried out. A questionnaire was administered to 2899 parents of first-graders, using the international standardized ISAAC program.

Results. The prevalence of BA symptoms on the ISAAC program among elementary schoolchildren in the Udmurt Republic in 2020 was 7.7±0.2%, being significantly lower than in the previous studies of 2002 and 2009 (p<0.001).

Conclusion. There was a further downward trend in the prevalence of AD symptoms in younger schoolchildren. The difference between the current symptoms of the disease and the established diagnosis remained rather significant. Reliable (p1<0.001) increase in the number of children with dry cough, not related to cold, and children with bronchospasm connected with physical load was revealed.

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About the authors

Margarita K. Ermakova

Izhevsk State Medical Academy

Author for correspondence.
Email: ermakovamk2@rambler.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8780-2994

D. Sci. (Med.), Prof., Izhevsk State Medical Academy

Russian Federation, Izhevsk

Larisa P. Matveeva

Izhevsk State Medical Academy

Email: ermakovamk2@rambler.ru

Cand. Sci. (Med.), Izhevsk State Medical Academy

Russian Federation, Izhevsk

Natalya R. Kapustina

Izhevsk State Medical Academy

Email: ermakovamk2@rambler.ru

Cand. Sci. (Med.), Izhevsk State Medical Academy

Russian Federation, Izhevsk

References

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  2. Национальная программа «Бронхиальная астма у детей. Стратегия лечения и профилактика». 5-е изд., перераб. и доп. М.: Оригинал-макет, 2017 [National program “Bronchial asthma in children. Treatment strategy and prevention”. 5th ed., rev. and add. Moscow: Original-maket, 2017 (in Russian)].
  3. Ермакова М.К. Аллергические болезни органов дыхания у детей и подростков Удмуртской Республики. Автореф. дис. ... д-ра мед. наук. М., 2000 [Ermakova MK. Allergicheskie bolezni organov dykhaniia u detei i podrostkov Udmurtskoi Respubliki. Avtoref. dis. ... d-ra med. nauk. Moscow, 2000 (in Russian)].
  4. Ермакова М.К., Матвеева Л.П., Гайнутдинова Р.И., и др. Распространенность аллергических заболеваний органов дыхания у детей школьного возраста Удмуртской Республики. Российский педиатрический журнал. 2008;1:35-6 [Ermakova MK, Matveeva LP, Gainutdinova RI, et al. Rasprostranennost' allergicheskikh zabolevanii organov dykhaniia u detei shkol'nogo vozrasta Udmurtskoi Respubliki. Rossiiskii pediatricheskii zhurnal. 2008;1:35-6 (in Russian)].

Supplementary files

Supplementary Files
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1. Fig. 1. Trend line of AD symptom prevalence in children aged 6–7 years from 1999 to 2020 according to International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC).

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